The Arctic Ocean: atmosphere, ice and ocean interactions –
implications for future climate and human activities
ESSO-National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research, Goa, India
The consequences of climate change are particularly evident in the Arctic. Significant changes and reductions in Arctic sea ice extent and volume opens for expansion of economic activities such as shipping, tourism, fisheries, as well as gas and oil extraction. Changes in sea ice cover and distribution have and will have consequences for national and international management of and activities in the Arctic waters.
Towards this endeavour, both India and Norway are working together to understand the dynamics of Arctic Ocean and its implications for future climate and human activities. The Arctic region is of special importance due to its critical role in governing global climate, sea level and biodiversity. The scientific issues pertaining to the Arctic has significance much beyond its geographic extent, through atmospheric and ocean tele-connections influencing e.g. the warming of the Indian Ocean, sea level rise and marine ecosystem, etc. The knowledge gained in the Arctic will also be much beneficial to countries like India in developing strategies and missions to study the impacts of climate change.
Regionally and seasonally changing sea ice conditions influence accessibility and exploitation of natural resources, creating new challenges, needs, and opportunities. Sustainable activities in the Arctic require new multi- and cross-disciplinary knowledge addressing the sea ice and climate conditions, the state and changes of the environment, navigation and operational conditions, technology, economy, legal aspects, geopolitics etc. Satellite Earth observation data and model reanalysis are crucial sources of environmental information needed for safe and efficient operations in remote Arctic waters. This research school will provide the participants with adequate knowledge and strengthen cooperation between students and scientists from India, Norway, Europe, Russia and the USA sharing adequate knowledge.
Scientists and experts will contribute with 22 lectures, practical group work on four subjects and with interactive student group work and teacher sessions, as well as interactive reporting. The participating students (about 30) are required to contribute to and challenged to complete a (draft) stident report during the course of the winter school. The purpose of this report is to be the basis for a peer-reviewed student-paper to be written and submitted after the research school for publication in an international scientific journal.